The Magnificent Of Prambanan Temple

Prambanan Temple is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia. Until now it has not been certain when the temple was built and on whose orders, but there is a strong suspicion that the Prambanan Temple was built around the middle of the 9th century by the king of the Sanjaya dynasty, namely Raja Balitung Maha Sambu. The allegations are based on the contents of the Syiwagrha Inscription found around Prambanan and currently stored in the National Museum in Jakarta. The inscription dated to 778 Saka (856 AD) was written during the reign of Rakai Pikatan.
The original plan of Prambanan Temple is rectangular, consisting of an outer courtyard and three courtyards, namely Jaba (outer court), Middle (middle court) and Njeron (inner court). The outside yard is an open area that surrounds the outer court. The outer court is oblong with an area of ​​390 m2. The court was once surrounded by a stone fence which is now in ruins. The outer court is currently only an empty court. Not yet known whether there was originally a building or other decoration in this court.

In the middle of the outer court, there is the second court, which is a rectangular shaped center area of 222 m2. The middle court was also surrounded by a stone fence which has now collapsed. The court consists of four terraces terraces, the higher the higher. On the first terrace, which is the lowest terrace, there are 68 small temples lined up around, divided into four rows by a connecting road between the court doors. On the second terrace there are 60 temples, on the third terrace there are 52 temples, and on the fourth terrace, or the top terrace, there are 44 temples. All the temples in the central court have the same shape and size, which is a floor plan area of 6 m2 and a height of 14 m. Almost all the temples in the central court are currently in ruins. All that's left is just the ruins.
The inner court is the highest court and is considered the most sacred place. The square has a square area of ​​110 m2, with a height of about 1.5 m from the top terrace surface of the central court. The yard is surrounded by piles and stone fences. On all four sides there are gates in the form of a paduraksa gate. At present only the gates on the south side are still intact. In front of each gate of the top court there is a pair of small temples, with a square base of 1, 5 m2 with a height of 4 m.
In the inner court there are 2 rows of temples that run north and south. In the west row there are 3 temples facing east. The northernmost temple is Vishnu Temple, in the middle is Syiwa Temple, and in the south is Brahma Temple. In the east row there are also 3 temples facing west. These three temples are called wahana temples (vehicles = vehicles), because each temple is named after an animal that is mounted by a god whose temple is located in front of it.
The temple that faces the Wisnu Temple is the Garuda Temple, which faces the Syiwa Temple is the Nandi Temple (ox), and the one facing the Brahma Temple is the Swan Temple. Thus, the six temples facing each other form a corridor. The Vishnu, Brahma, Goose, Garuda and Nandi temples have the same shape and size, which is based on a square area of ​​15 m2 with a height of 25 m. At the north and south ends of each alley there is a small temple facing each other, called Apit Temple.
The nearest city from Prambanan is Jogja dan Solo, but foreign tourist usually grab Prambanan from Jogja,  because it has better tourism facilities like hotel, train, and airport. It is located in Kranggan, Bokoharjo, Kec. Prambanan, Sleman Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta, beside the main road between Jogja and Solo.

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